The rediscovery of the Justinian Code in Western Europe early in the 10th century rekindled a passion for the discipline of law, which crossed many of the re-forming boundaries between East and West. In the Catholic or Frankish west, Roman law became the foundation on which all legal concepts and systems were based. Its influence is found in all Western legal systems, although in different manners and to different extents. The study of canon law , the legal system of the Catholic Church, fused with that of Roman law to form the basis of the refounding of Western legal scholarship. During the Reformation and Enlightenment, the ideas of civil rights , equality before the law , procedural justice , and democracy as the ideal form of society began to be institutionalized as principles forming the basis of modern Western culture, particularly in Protestant regions.
This is not to say that being Western means cherishing quixotic dreams of a world without borders. To the contrary, the foundational Greek thinker Aristotle believed all morality is enacted within the boundaries of an interrelated community, the polis . A hallmark innovation of Western political theory is the nation-state, that Goldilocks of civic institutions: neither too large nor too small to defend individual liberties against hostile forces. Nation-states allow us to acknowledge the reality that cultural unity within physical borders is necessary to thrive in a fallen world.
We start, for example, to subordinate basic scientific truths about women and men to the lie of gender ideology. Others begin reattributing divine characteristics to the environment. A willingness to remove legal constraints on the use of lethal force against pre-born, sick, and elderly humans becomes more widespread. Utopian economic schemes to be realized via state fiat become popular. A concern for liberty collapses into the promotion—again, via state intervention—of libertinism. Taken together, these trends amount to Western civilization’s polar opposite: ., barbarism.