American military instructors dealing with Middle Eastern students learn to ensure that, before directing any question to a student in a classroom situation, particularly if he is an officer, the student does possess the correct answer. If this is not assured, the officer will feel he has been set up for public humiliation. Furthermore, in the often-paranoid environment of Arab political culture, he will believe this setup to have been purposeful. This student will then become an enemy of the instructor and his classmates will become apprehensive about their also being singled out for humiliation—and learning becomes impossible.
In June 1949, North Korea accelerated its “peace offensive” toward the South, calling for all “democratic” – that is anti-Syngman Rhee forces – to join with the North in unifying the Korean peninsula and removing the Americans. It pushed for free elections in which left wing political parties in the South were legalized and political prisoners released. According to the historian Charles K. Armstrong, in The North Korean Revolution, 1945-1950 , a free political environment would have given the left an estimated 80 percent of the vote in the North and 65-70 percent of the votes in the South. Kim and his allies could thus come to power through democratic means had the popular uprising in the South not been repressed. 
In January 1905, government troops massacred protesters in St Petersburg .  Unrest soon spread across the Russian Empire in what came to be known as the Revolution of 1905 .  Georgia was one of the regions particularly affected.  In February, Stalin was in Baku when ethnic violence broke out between Armenians and Azeris ; at least 2,000 were killed.  Stalin publicly lambasted the "pogroms against Jews and Armenians" as being part of Tsar Nicholas II 's attempts to "buttress his despicable throne".  He formed a Bolshevik Battle Squad which he used to try and keep Baku's warring ethnic factions apart, also using the unrest to steal printing equipment.  Amid the growing violence throughout Georgia, Stalin formed further Battle Squads, with the Mensheviks doing the same.  Stalin's Squads disarmed local police and troops,  raided government arsenals,  and raised funds through protection rackets on large local businesses and mines.  They launched attacks on the government's Cossack troops and pro-Tsarist Black Hundreds ,  co-ordinating some of their operations with the Menshevik militia.